Does service of a civil lawsuit count if the defendant is personally handed the legal papers? Absolutely, as long as the person serving the papers is permitted to do so (different courts have different rules).
Does service count if the legal papers are handed to the defendant’s 27 year-old brother who lives with the defendant? Maybe.
But what about legal papers served on the defendant through the defendant’s personal Facebook account?
The answer is some countries is yes, a defendant can be served through a personal Facebook page.
Until quite recently, courts in the United States have refused to allow service through Facebook, citing concerns that doing so would deny defendants due process and actual notice of the lawsuit, which is required by the Constitution and related federal and state laws.
But in March 2013, a court in the Southern District of New York addressed the Federal Trade Commission’s request to serve non-U.S. defendants through email and Facebook after struggling to serve the foreign defendants personally. The judge ultimately granted the request, noting that while service through email alone satisfied the due process and notice requirements, service only through Facebook may not.
The U.S. is not the first country to tiptoe into the land of service via social media. In 2008, Australia allowed service on defendant debtors through Facebook when the attorneys were able to match the defendants’ birth dates, friends, and email addresses on the Facebook pages to their loan applications.
A year later a Canadian court allowed service on the defendant through the HR department of the defendant’s former employer and through the defendant’s private Facebook page. A New Zealand court also approved this method. The United Kingdom’s High Court has allowed service of an injunction on an anonymous blogger through a Twitter account, and Australia has allowed service through text message. All of these countries have similar due process and notice requirements as the United States.
Service of process can be tricky. It can vary not only from country to country, but from state to state, county to county, and even court to court. However, just because some courts have shown a willingness to move the law in new directions with the proliferation of social media, this does not mean that they have yet come to anything like a clear consensus. Since service of process is one of the initial steps in asserting your rights in court, be sure you get it right. Talk to a litigation attorney at Briskin, Cross and Sanford if you are in any doubt.